The London Clinic, 120 Harley Street, London, W1G 7JW

Testis Cancer

Testicular cancer affects more than 2300 men in the UK every year. Unlike many other cancers that tend to become more common with age, testicular cancer often affects men in their 30s. It is essential for men to check their testes regularly and to see a doctor if they notice anything unusual. If you notice any changes then you should consult a doctor to find out the cause. Cancer of the testis can often be treated very successfully as long as it is caught quickly.

Testis Cancer Treatments London

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

The most common symptoms of testicular cancer are changes in the appearance of the testicles or the way they feel. You should check your testes regularly so that you will know what feels normal to you. Possible signs of testicular cancer include:

  • Lumps or swellings, which are usually painless
  • Changes in shape
  • Changes in texture
  • Differences between the testes
  • Pain or discomfort

If you have a lump in one of your testicles or you notice something that looks or feels unusual to you then you should see a doctor. In many cases, these symptoms will be caused by something other than cancer, but they may still require treatment so it is important to find out the cause. It is vital to get a diagnosis as soon as possible if you do have testicular cancer as this will ensure that treatment has the best chances of success.

Who is at Risk of Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer can occur at any age but it is usually diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 49. White men are also slightly more likely to be affected by testicular cancer. You may also be at higher risk of testicular cancer if you have a family history of this disease or if you have been affected by undescended testicles.

How is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?

If you notice anything unusual when checking your testes then you should see a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will ask about your symptoms and perform a physical examination of the testicles. It is sometimes possible to diagnose the cause of symptoms such as swelling from this examination. However, if there is a chance of cancer you will need to have some additional tests.

The main tests of cancer of the testis are:

  • A testicular ultrasound to look for lumps inside the testes. The doctor will be able to tell whether it is a fluid-filled lump or a potentially cancerous growth.
  • Blood tests to check the levels of specific hormones or markers that can be signs of testicular cancer. The main markers are AFP and HCG. You may also have an LDH test as this can reveal how active the cancer is.
  • Histological tests to confirm that the growth is cancerous. In many cases it isn’t possible to perform a biopsy on the testicle so these tests can only be performed after surgery to remove the testis. The tissue can then be tested to confirm the presence of cancer, which can ensure that you get the best aftercare.

Testicular Cancer Treatments

Testicular cancer often affects younger men and it can be quite aggressive so it is usually treated with surgery to remove the entire testicle. The procedure will only be recommended when your doctor is sure that you have testicular cancer.

In some cases, your doctor might recommend chemotherapy or radiotherapy after the surgery. These treatments are used to eliminate any cancer cells that have been left behind in your body. Since they can affect your fertility, you may want to consider freezing some sperm before you have these treatments. Your doctor will help you to understand the potential impact of the treatments on your fertility so that you can make the right choices.

Testicular cancer can be treated very effectively as long as it is caught early. It is very unlikely to reoccur after the testis has been removed. However, the treatment can be more difficult if the cancer is more advanced. It is vital to check your testes regularly so that you can get treatment right away if there is a problem.

You can make an appointment with Mark Feneley if you notice anything unusual about your testes or if you need to arrange specialist tests and treatments in London.

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