The London Clinic, 120 Harley Street, London, W1G 7JW
Prostate enlargement is very common. It mainly affects men over the age of 50. Half of all men of this age have an enlarged prostate. However, only about 40% of men over 50 have symptoms. The chances of having an enlarged prostate and experiencing symptoms goes up with age. About 75% of men in their 70s will have symptoms.
Risk Factors
Certain factors can increase the chances of prostate enlargement:
1. Your Age: the risk of prostate enlargement increases as you grow older. It is very common in men over 50, so it will affect most men at some point in their lives. However, you may not experience any symptoms or your symptoms may not be serious enough to require treatment.
2. Your Hormones: the reason why prostate problems become more common with age is that your hormone levels are changing. If you experience hormonal changes at an earlier age or because of other health issues, it can increase the chances of an enlarged prostate.
3. Your Family History: there is some evidence that men whose fathers or brothers have had problems with enlarged prostates may be more likely to experience similar issues themselves.
4. Your Lifestyle: being overweight may increase the chances of developing an enlarged prostate. Your lifestyle can also make the symptoms worse, so staying at a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and limiting your intake of caffeine and alcohol could all help, and they should improve your general health too.
What Is The Risk of Prostate Cancer? 
Prostate enlargement isn’t associated with cancer, so there is no increased risk of developing prostate cancer if you have an enlarged prostate. The lifetime risk for men of developing prostate cancer is 1 in 8, whether or not you have benign prostate enlargement. However, it is possible to be affected by both benign enlargement and prostate cancer, so you still need to be aware of the risk. The two conditions can also cause similar symptoms, such as difficulty urinating, so it is important to see a doctor if you have urinary problems. You need to know what is causing the problem and how it can be managed to get rid of these symptoms.
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