Cystoscopy is a visual examination to assess the inside of the bladder, prostate (in men) and urethra (the water pipe that leads from the bladder to the outside). It uses a surgical instrument called a cystoscope, which is a long narrow telescope that can be passed into the body from the outside. Cystoscopes are made to various designs, but there are essentially two types: flexible and rigid. As a preliminary diagnostic investigation, the initial cystoscopy is usually carried out with a flexible cystoscope and local anaesthetic gel in the urethra, thereby the need for full anaesthesia is avoided.
Flexible Cystoscopy is a short day-case procedure that takes about 10 minutes. It is rather like a catheter (flexible tube) being passed into the bladder, but using a telescope of similar size. The bladder is filled with water through the telescope during the procedure. Most patients experience far less discomfort than they anticipate, and as a result tolerate the procedure extremely well. When bladder abnormalities are seen at cystoscopy, biopsy is usually necessary, and this is best carried out on a later occasion with full anaesthesia.
Rigid Cystoscopy is a procedure to examine the bladder, under a full anaesthetic. It uses a rigid, straight telescope and enables the urologist to carry out a detailed bladder examination and perform telescopic surgical procedures. Typical procedures that can be done include urethral dilatation, bladder biopsy, transurethral resection of a bladder lesion, transurethral resection of prostate, laser prostate treatment and cystolitholapaxy (for removing bladder stones).
We will back to you within 48 hours. Required fields are marked *
We are recognised providers by all major health insurance companies.