Antibiotics play an essential role in urine infection treatment. A short course of medicine can help to eliminate UTIs that are caused by bacteria, ensuring that the symptoms clear up as quickly as possible. However, bacteria can develop resistance to antibiotics that can make treating these kinds of infections more difficult.
What is Antibiotic Resistance?
Antibiotic resistance occurs because some bacteria have mutations that enable them to withstand certain kinds of antibiotics. When an antibiotic is used to treat an infection, all of the susceptible bacteria will be killed. If a small number of resistant bacteria are able to survive, then they can go on to spread their resistance mutation. The resistant bacteria become more common than the susceptible ones, which means that the medication will no longer be useful for urine infection treatment.
What Can Be Done About It?
Limiting the use of antibiotics is an important part of preventing resistance. In the past, doctors sometimes prescribed antibiotics even when they were unable to help. For example, patients were given antibiotics for viral infections, even though these medications can only affect bacteria. Harmless bacteria in the body and the environment were then exposed to the antibiotic and began to develop resistance.
In addition to preventing overuse of antibiotics, it is also important to develop new medicines. One new antibiotic called plazomicin is currently being developed to help with urine infection treatment. It could help us to treat infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to older types of antibiotics. The drug could make a big difference for patients whose urine infections haven’t responded to the other treatment options. Plazomicin has already been approved by the FDA in the US and creators of the drug are now seeking approval for its use in Europe.